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The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Urdu: نشان پاکستان‎, English: Order of Pakistan) is the highest of civil awards and decorations given by the Government of Pakistan for the highest degree of service to the country and nation of Pakistan. The award was established on 19 March 1957.

The Nishan-e-Pakistan, unlike other honours, is a highly restricted and most prestigious award and is only conferred for the merit and distinguished services to the country, international community, and foreign relations. This award, like other civilian awards, is announced on 14 August each year and its investiture takes place on following 23 March. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal NPk.

Foreign recipients of Nishan-e-Pakistan[edit]

Year Name Field Country
1960 Queen Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom
(Former Queen of Pakistan)
United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms
13 January 1961 Josip Broz Tito President of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Dwight Eisenhower President of the United States United States
1 August 1969 Richard Nixon[1] President of the United States United States
1983 King Birendra King of Nepal Kingdom of Nepal
23 March 1983 Shah Karīm al-Hussaynī[2] Leader of Ismaili Muslims France
19 May 1990 Morarji Desai[3] Prime Minister of India India
18 September 1992 Hassanal Bolkiah[4] Sultan of Brunei Darussalam Brunei Darussalam
3 October 1992 Nelson Mandela[5][6] President of South Africa South Africa
10 April 1999 Li Peng[7] Premier of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
1999 Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani[8] Emir of Qatar Qatar
21 April 2001 Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said[9] Sultan of Oman Oman
1 February 2006 King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud[10] King of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
24 November 2006 Hu Jintao[11] President of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
26 October 2009 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[12] Prime Minister of Turkey Turkey
Emperor Akihito Emperor of Japan Japan
22 May 2013 Li Keqiang Premier of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
21 April 2015 Xi Jinping President of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China

Recipients of the Hilal-e-Pakistan[edit]

Hilal-e-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan), stands second in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-E-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
Amin Ahmed Chief Justice of Dhaka High Court Pakistan
1958 Emperor Haile Selassie Emperor of Ethiopia Ethiopia
1989 Ruth Pfau Nun and Leprosy Doctor Germany
2005 Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan United Arab Emirates
2012 Yang Jiechi Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China[13]

Recipients of the Sitara-e-Pakistan[edit]

Sitara-e-Pakistan (Star of Pakistan), stands third in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan and the Hilal-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Province Country
1958 Farida Akhter Pakistan
1958 Aslam Khattak politician/chairman, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan Pakistan
1959 Abdus Salam scientist and Science Advisor to the Government Pakistan
1965 Air Commodore Władysław Turowicz military scientist and engineer Pakistan and Poland
1965 Vice-Admiral Syed Mohammad Ahsan Naval intelligence officer and Chief of Naval Staff Pakistan
1966 A G N Kazi Chairman Water and Power Development Authority Pakistan
1971 Rear Admiral Leslie Mungavin Naval Officer Pakistan
1972 Chief Justice Bashiruddin Ahmed Khan Judge Pakistan
Akhtar Hameed Khan Social scientist, he pioneered microcredit, microfinance, and rural development initiatives Pakistan
Sandy Gall journalist Great Britain
Habibullah Khan Khattak for action in Burma during World War II Pakistan
Bronte Clucas Quayle, CB, OBE, QC, for his services in drafting the Constitution of Pakistan
1991 James M. Shera, MBE Politician, Head of the International Curriculum Support Services, Education Department Great Britain
2006 Grace Warren surgeon, leprosy expert Australia
2009 Greg Mortenson humanitarian, Central Asia Institute - for promoting girls' literacy and education, and establishing schools in Pakistan United States
2008 Khaled Almaeena journalist, Saudi Gazette - Journalism Saudi Arabia[14]
2009 An Qiguang Former Counsel General of China in Karachi for his notable services in strengthening the relations between Pakistan and China China[15]
2012 Rowan Douglas Williams[13] Anglican bishop, Archbishop of Canterbury, public services to Pakistan Great Britain
2014 General C. S. Weerasooriya[16] Former Sri Lankan High Commissioner to Pakistan Sri Lanka

Recipients of the Tamgha-e-Pakistan[edit]

Tamgha-e-Pakistan (Medal of Pakistan), stands fourth in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan, Hilal-e-Pakistan, Sitara-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Province Country
1959 Sartaj Aziz Economics Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan
1967 Hermanegild Marcos Antonio Drago Community Sindh Pakistan
1971 Ahmed Hussain A Kazi Public Service Sindh Pakistan
2012 Emmanuel Nicholas Community (Education) Sri Lanka
2012 Li Xiaolin Community (Investment) China[13]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]