何文壽 教授 / W.S. Winston Ho Professor

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何文壽 教授
W.S. Winston Ho

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分子基礎分離技術;特定化薄膜與分離技術

  • 學經歷
  • 台灣大學化工學士 學士(1966)
    美國伊利諾大學化工碩 碩士(1969)
    美國伊利諾大學化工博士 博士(1971)

  • 研究主題
  • 分子基礎分離技術
    Expert in molecularly based separations including definition of approaches, design of practical systems, scale-up and commercialization.

    特定化薄膜與分離技術
    Specialized in membranes and separations including polymer and liquid membranes, fuel-cell fuel processing and membranes, separations with chemical reaction, supported liquid membranes, reverse osmosis, gas treating, pervaporation, and facilitated transport.

  • 最新研究
  • 1. The first to propose, synthesize, and experimentally demonstrate novel CO2-selective membranes capable of possessing high CO2 permeability and CO2/H2 selectivity (>80) at relatively high temperatures (100 – 180oC). The membranes have been synthesized by incorporating amino groups in polymer networks. Also the first to elucidate the unusual phenomenon of both permeability and selectivity increases with temperature. With his students, obtained <10 ppm CO in the H2 product with a water-gas-shift (WGS) membrane reactor using the membrane to drive the WGS reaction to the product side via CO2 removal. The data were in good agreement with their model prediction. This was the first WGS reactor using a CO2-selective membrane. Also removed H2S to achieve <10 ppb in the H2 product. The membrane is being scaled up for commercialization, including its use in H2 purification for fuel cells. 2. Developed the novel concept of incorporating hydrophilic groups chemically into membrane structure to provide an additional pathway for water transport and to overcome the low hydrophilicity/flux issue inherent in interfacially polymerized membranes. This work has resulted in >100% increase in water flux vs. the industry standard Film-Tec FT-30 membrane while maintaining a high NaCl rejection of >99%. Working with an industrial partner, he has recently scaled up this membrane successfully to the commercial size of 42 inches in width and a length of about 2000 ft. The membrane modules fabricated from this scale-up membrane are being tested by the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation at the Brackish Groundwater National Desalination Research Facility in Alamogordo, NM. The initial results have confirmed the superior performance.
    3. Developed novel proton-exchange membranes (PEMs) synthesized from copolymers containing sulfonated hard segments for proton conductivity and hydrophilic soft segments for water retention. The PEMs have shown very high conductivity (0.1 S/cm at 0 – 50% relative humidity, exceeding DOE’s target), which is much higher than NafionR at 120oC, and they have also exhibited effective conductivity at 25oC. The novel membranes have also exhibited high fuel cell performance and can enable the widespread use of PEM fuel cells.

  • 榮譽獎項
  • 第三十屆中研院院士
    1. Election to the National Academy of Engineering, U.S.A., 2002.
    2. Institute Award for Excellence in Industrial Gases Technology, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2006.
    3. Clarence G. Gerhold Award, Separations Division of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2007.
    4. Co-winner of Graduate Research Paper Award in Separations, Separations Division of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2007.
    5. Election to Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2009.
    6. Chemcon Distinguished Speaker Award, Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2004.
    7. Election to Chairman of the Board of Chinese-American Chemical Society (CACS), 2002.
    8. American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ Excellence and Appreciation Award, 2000.
    9. American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ Excellence and Appreciation Award, 2009.
    10. Co-editor of Membrane Handbook, recipient of the Professional and Scholarly Publishing Award for the most outstanding engineering work, 1993.
    11. Inventor of the Year, New Jersey Inventors Congress and Hall of Fame, 1991.
    12. Industrial Research 100 Award for Flexsorb SE gas treating research and development, 1985.
    13. Honorable Mention of the Kirkpatrick Chemical Engineering Achievement Award for Flexsorb SE, 1985.
    14. Inaugural Innovators Award, College of Engineering, The Ohio State University, 2008.
    15. First Place Graduate Research Poster Paper Award, the Annual Meeting of North American Membrane Society, Charleston, SC, June 21-24, 2009.

  • 研究著作
  • Publications
    Books Edited
    1. W. S. W. Ho and K. K. Sirkar, eds., Membrane Handbook, Chapman & Hall, New York (1992), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, reprint edition (2001).
    2. N. N. Li, E. Drioli, W. S. W. Ho, and G. G. Lipscomb, eds., Advanced Membrane Technology, New York Academy of Sciences, New York (2003).
    3. N. N. Li, A. G. Fane, W. S. W. Ho, and T. Matsuura, eds., Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, New York (2008). 
    Book
    1. M. P. Ramage, G. D. Tilman, D. Gray, R. D. Hall, E. A. Hiler, W. S. W. Ho, D. L. Karlen, J. R. Katzer, M. R. Ladisch, J. A. Miranowski, M. Oppenheimer, R. F. Probstein, H. H. Schobert, C. R. Somerville, G. Stephanopoulos, and J. L. Sweeney, Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass, The National Academies Press, Washington (2009). 
    Papers and Book Chapters
    1. J. A. Quinn, J. L. Anderson, W. S. W. Ho, and W. J. Petzny, “Model Pores of Molecular Dimension: The Preparation and Characterization of Track-Etched Membranes”, Biophys. J., 12, 990-1007 (1972).
    2. W. S. W. Ho and F. A. Holland, “Between-Rolls Metering Coating Technique: A Theoretical and Experimental Study”, TAPPI, 61, 53-56 (1978).
    3. W. S. W. Ho, T. A. Hatton, E. N. Lightfoot, and N. N. Li, “Extraction with Liquid Surfactant Membranes: A Diffusion Controlled Model”, Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Chemical Engineering, Montreal, Canada, Volume IV, pp. 209-215 (1981).
    4. R. E. Terry, N. N. Li, and W. S. W. Ho, “Extraction of Phenolic Compounds and Organic Acids by Liquid Membranes”, J. Membr. Sci., 10, 305-323 (1982).
    5. W. S. W. Ho, T. A. Hatton, E. N. Lightfoot, and N. N. Li, “Batch Extraction with Liquid Surfactant Membranes: A Diffusion Controlled Model”, AIChE J., 28, 662-670 (1982).
    6. J. Bock, R. R. Klein, P. L. Valint, and W. S. W. Ho, “Liquid Membrane Extraction of Uranium from Wet Process Phosphoric Acid”, in Sulfuric/Phosphoric Acid Plant Operations, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, pp. 175-183 (1982).
    7. H. C. Hayworth, W. S. W. Ho, W. A. Burns, and N. N. Li, “Extraction of Uranium from Wet Process Phosphoric Acid by Liquid Membranes”, Separ. Sci. Technol., 18, 493-521 (1983).
    8. W. S. W. Ho and N. N. Li, “Modeling of Liquid-Membrane Extraction Processes”, in Hydrometallurgical Process Fundamentals, R. G. Bautista, ed., Plenum Press, New York, pp. 555-597 (1984).
    9. W. S. W. Ho and N. N. Li, “Membrane Processes”, in Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, R. H. Perry and D. Green, eds., McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 6th Edition, Section 17, pp. 14-35 (1984).
    10. M. E. Edgerton, G. D. Byrne, and W. S. W. Ho, “Numerical Calculation of the Simultaneous Absorption of Two Gases with Reversible Chemical Reactions”, Comput. Chem. Eng., 10, 551-556 (1986).
    11. D. W. Savage, G. R. Chludzinski, S. Wiechert, J. L. Kaufman, L. L. Ansell, W. S. W. Ho, and G. Sartori, “New Absorption Processes for Selective Hydrogen Sulfide Separation and Other Gas Treating Applications”, Inst. Chem. Eng. Symp. Ser., 104, A347-A358 (1987).
    12. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, D. W. Savage, G. R. Chludzinski, and S. Wiechert, “Sterically-Hindered Amines for Acid Gas Absorption”, Separ. Purif. Methods, 16, 171-200 (1987).
    13. W. S. W. Ho, G. Doyle, D. W. Savage, and R. L. Pruett, “Olefin Separations via Complexation and Transport with Cuprous Diketonate”, Proceedings of the 1987 International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 783-784 (1987).
    14. G. T. Rochelle, P. C. Tseng, W. S. W. Ho, and D. W. Savage, “H2S Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Measurement by the Electrode Method”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 27, 195-197 (1988).
    15. P. C. Tseng, W. S. W. Ho, and D. W. Savage, “Carbon Dioxide Absorption into Promoted Carbonate Solutions”, AIChE J., 34, 922-931 (1988).
    16. W. S. W. Ho, G. Doyle, D. W. Savage, and R. L. Pruett, “Olefin Separations via Complexation with Cuprous Diketonate”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 27, 334-337 (1988).
    17. W. S. W. Ho, “Emulsion Liquid Membranes: A Review”, Proceedings of the 1990 International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Chicago, IL, Vol. I, pp. 692-694 (1990).
    18. S. J. Doong and W. S. W. Ho, “Sorption of Organic Vapors in Semicrystalline Polyethylene”, Polymer Preprints, 31 (2), 580 (1990).
    19. S. J. Doong and W. S. W. Ho, “Sorption of Organic Vapors in Polyethylene”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 30, 1351-1361 (1991).
    20. S. J. Doong and W. S. W. Ho, “Diffusion of Hydrocarbons in Polyethylene”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 31, 1050-1060 (1992).
    21. W. S. W. Ho and N. N. Li, “Recent Advances in Emulsion Liquid Membranes”, Proceedings of the First AIChE Separations Division Topical Conference on Separations Technologies: New Developments and Opportunities, Miami Beach, FL, pp. 762-767 (1992).
    22. W. S. W. Ho and K. K. Sirkar, “The State of the Art of Membrane Processes: An Overview”, Ibid., pp. 782-787 (1992).
    23. S. J. Doong and W. S. W. Ho, “Sorption and Diffusion of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Semicrystalline Polyethylene”, Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the North American Membrane Society, Lexington, KY, Paper 4E (1992).
    24. W. S. W. Ho and K. K. Sirkar, “Overview of Membrane Processes”, in Membrane Handbook, W. S. W. Ho and K. K. Sirkar, eds., Chapman & Hall, New York, pp. 1-15 (1992).
    25. W. S. W. Ho and N. N. Li, “Definitions for Emulsion Liquid Membranes”, Ibid., pp. 597-610 (1992).
    26. W. S. W. Ho and N. N. Li, “Theory for Emulsion Liquid Membranes”, Ibid., pp. 611-655 (1992).
    27. Z. M. Gu, W. S. W. Ho, and N. N. Li, “Design Considerations for Emulsion Liquid Membranes”, Ibid., pp. 656-700 (1992).
    28. W. S. W. Ho and D. C. Dalrymple, “Facilitated Transport of Olefins in Ag+-Containing Polymer Membranes”, J. Membr. Sci., 91, 13-25 (1994).
    29. W. S. W. Ho and N. N. Li, “Core-Annular Flow of Liquid Membrane Emulsion”, AIChE J., 40, 1961-1968 (1994).
    30. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, W. A. Thaler, G. R. Chludzinski, and J. C. Wilbur, “Sterically-hindered Amines for Acid Gas Absorption”, Spec. Publ.-R. Soc. Chem., 153, 205 (1994).
    31. S. J. Doong, W. S. W. Ho, and R. P. Mastondrea, “Prediction of Flux and Selectivity in Pervaporation through a Membrane”, J. Membr. Sci., 107, 129-146 (1995).
    32. L. J. Shulik, G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, W. A. Thaler, G. E. Milliman, and J. C. Wilbur, “A Novel, V+5-Stable K2CO3 Promoter for CO2 Absorption”, Sep. Sci. Technol., 31, 1663 (1996).
    33. J. D. Way and W. S. W. Ho, “A Tribute to Norman N. Li”, in Chemical Separations with Liquid Membranes, R. A. Bartsch and J. D. Way, eds., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, ACS Symposium Series, 642, 11-15 (1996).
    34. W. S. W. Ho and N. N. Li, “Recent Advances in Emulsion Liquid Membranes”, in Chemical Separations with Liquid Membranes, R. A. Bartsch and J. D. Way, eds., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, ACS Symposium Series, 642, 208-221 (1996).
    35. J. Zhou, W. S. W. Ho, and N. N. Li, “Separation Processes”, in Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, G. L. Trigg, ed., VCH Publishers, Brooklyn, NY, pp. 599-641 (1996).
    36. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, D. C. Dalrymple, R. P. Mastondrea, and D. W. Savage, “Hard/Soft Segment Copolymer Membranes for Aromatics / Saturates Separation”, Proceedings of the 1996 International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Yokohama, Japan, Keynote Lecture Paper S-20-1-K (1996).
    37. D. W. Zhou, C. R. Huang, N. N. Li, and W. S. W. Ho, “Removal of Strontium from Wastewater by Emulsion Liquid Membrane”, Ibid., Paper S-8-1-5 (1996).
    38. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, D. C. Dalrymple, R. P. Mastondrea, and D. W. Savage, “Thin Membranes of New Hard/Soft Segment Copolymers”, Proceedings of the First Joint Topical Conference on Processing: Structure and Properties of Polymeric Materials at AIChE Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, pp. 135-137 (1996).
    39. W. S. W. Ho and N. N. Li, “Recent Advances in Emulsion Liquid Membranes”, Proceedings of the Second Joint China/USA Chemical Engineering Conference, Beijing, China, pp. 578-584 (1997).
    40. W. S. W. Ho and G. Sartori, “Advances in Gas Treating and Membrane Separation”, Ibid., pp. 593-598 (1997).
    41. W. S. W. Ho and R. G. Luo, eds., Proceedings of the Topical Conference on Separation Science and Technologies at AIChE Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA (1997).
    42. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, H. L. Fang, W. A. Thaler, D. C. Dalrymple, and R. P. Mastondrea, “Crosslinked Polyimide-Polyester Copolymer Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, Proceedings of the Topical Conference on Separation Science and Technologies at AIChE Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, pp. 745-750 (1997).
    43. G. Sartori, H. W. Deckman, W. S. W. Ho, J. R. Livingston, E. J. Mozeleski, “Membrane-Confined Rh Catalyst for Oxo Reaction”, Ibid., pp. 665-667 (1997).
    44. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, R. E. Noone, and B. H. Ballinger, “Poly(fluoroolefin) Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, Ibid., pp. 1403-1407 (1997).
    45. W. S. W. Ho, T. K. Poddar, R. Pusic, and J. Roller, “Unique Membrane Technology for Removal/Recovery of Metals from Wastewaters and Process Streams”, Proceedings of the American Electroplaters and Surface Finishers Society/EPA Conference, Lake Buena Vista, FL, Jan. 25–27, 1999, pp. 141-148.
    46. W. S. W. Ho, T. K. Poddar, R. Pusic, and J. Roller, “Supported Liquid Membrane Process for Chromium Removal and Recovery”, Proceedings of the 1999 International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Toronto, Canada, June 12–18, 1999.
    47. R. Song, W. S. W. Ho, N. N. Li, and R. J. Petersen, “Polyamide TFC Membrane Formation Studies”, Ibid., (1999).
    48. W. S. W. Ho, T. K. Poddar, and J. Roller, “New Membrane Technology for Chromium Removal and Recovery”, Proceedings of the 4th Topical Conference on Separation Science and Technologies at AIChE Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX, Paper 12e (1999).
    49. W. S. W. Ho, B. Wang, T. E. Neumuller, and J. Roller, “Supported Liquid Membranes for Removal and Recovery of Metals from Waste Waters and Process Streams”, Ibid., Paper 200d (1999).
    50. W. S. W. Ho, S. Kalini, and T. K. Poddar, “Cobalt Removal and Recovery with Supported Liquid Membranes”, Proceedings of the Topical Conference on Membrane and Extraction Science and Technologies for Environmental Applications at AIChE Spring National Meeting, Atlanta, GA, pp. 10-15 (2000).
    51. W. S. W. Ho and T. K. Poddar, “New Membrane Technology for Removal and Recovery of Metals from Waste Waters and Process Streams”, Ibid., pp. 38-43 (2000).
    52. M. A. Kuehne, R. Q. Song, N. N. Li, W. S. W. Ho, and R. J. Petersen, “Flux Enhancement in TFC RO Membranes”, Proceedings of the Third Joint China/USA Chemical Engineering Conference, Beijing, China, pp. 04-041 – 04-044 (2000).
    53. W. S. W. Ho and T. K. Poddar, “New Membrane Technology for Removal and Recovery of Metals from Waste Waters”, Ibid., pp. 04-120 – 04-128 (2000).
    54. W. S. W. Ho and T. K. Poddar, “New Membrane Technology for Removal and Recovery of Chromium from Waste Waters”, Environ. Prog., 20, 44-52 (2001).
    55. W. S. W. Ho, B. Wang, T. E. Neumuller, and J. Roller, “Supported Liquid Membranes for Removal and Recovery of Metals from Waste Waters and Process Streams”, Environ. Prog., 20, 117-121 (2001).
    56. W. S. W. Ho and B. Wang, “Strontium Removal by New Alkyl Phenylphosphonic Acids in Supported Liquid Membranes with Strip Dispersion”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 41, 381-388 (2002).
    57. W. S. W. Ho, T. K. Poddar, and T. E. Neumuller, “Removal and Recovery of Copper and Zinc by Supported Liquid Membranes with Strip Dispersion”, J. Chin. Inst. Chem. Engrs., 33, 67-76 (2002).
    58. W. S. W. Ho, “Recent Developments and Applications for Hollow-Fiber Membranes”, J. Chin. Inst. Chem. Engrs., 34, 75-89 (2003).
    59. W. S. W. Ho, “Removal and Recovery of Metals and Other Materials by Supported Liquid Membranes with Strip Dispersion”, in Advanced Membrane Technology, N. N. Li, E. Drioli, W. S. W. Ho, and G. G. Lipscomb, eds., New York Academy of Sciences, New York, pp. 97-122 (2003).
    60. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of Novel Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor”, Proceedings of DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program 2003 Annual Merit Review, Berkeley, CA, May 19-22, 2003, Paper/Project 108.
    61. J. Huang, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “Facilitated Transport Membranes for Environmental and Energy Applications”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Emerging Environmental Technology, Kwangju Institute of Science & Technology, Gwangju, Korea, November 4, 2003, pp. 32 – 38.
    62. J. Zou, G. Shil, and W. S. W. Ho, “Carbon Dioxide-Selective Membranes for Hydrogen Purification and Gas Separation”, Proceedings of Topical Conference on Advanced Membrane-Based Separations at AIChE Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, November 16-21, 2003, Paper 74t.
    63. J. Huang and W. S. W. Ho, “A Modeling Study of CO2-Selective Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor for Fuel Cell”, Ibid., Paper 171c.
    64. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of Novel CO2-Selective Membrane for H2 Purification”, Proceedings of DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies 2004 Program Review, Philadelphia, PA, May 24-27, 2004, Project No. 107, Paper FC-P3.
    65. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of Novel Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor”, DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies 2004 Annual Report, Project No. 107 (2004).
    66. W. S. W. Ho, “Recent Developments on Membranes for Water Purification”, Proceedings of 10th International Workshop on Drinking Water Quality Management and Treatment Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, June 1-2, 2004, Keynote Lecture, Paper No. B4-1, pp. 1-17.
    67. J. Huang, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “Carbon Dioxide-Selective Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor: A Modeling Study for Fuel Cells”, Proceedings of North American Membrane Society 2004 Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, June 26-30, 2004, Keynote Lecture, pp. 197-198.
    68. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of High-Flux Water Desalination Membranes”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-03-1-0994 (2004).
    69. J. Huang, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “Engineering Membranes for Environmental and Energy Applications”, Proceedings of 10th Congress of Asia Pacific Confederation of Chemical Engineering, Kitakyushu, Japan, October 17-21, 2004, Keynote Lecture, Paper No. 3F-01.
    70. J. Zou, J. Huang, and W. S. W. Ho, “Facilitated Transport Membranes for Environmental and Energy Applications”, Proceedings of First India-USA Joint Chemical Engineering Conference, Mumbai, India, December 28-30, 2004, Keynote Lecture, Paper No. 12.6.2.
    71. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of Novel Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor”, DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Project Reports, Project No. 107 (2005).
    72. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of High-Flux Water Desalination Membrane”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-05-1-00800 (2005).
    73. M. C. Nagel and W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Membranes for Hydrogen Purification”, Technical Insights, Section 8 (June 30, 2005).
    74. J. Corman, C. Christopher, R. L. Espino, G. M. Hidy, W. S. W. Ho, D. Keith, L. W. Lake, M. E. Q. Pilson, J. J. Wise, and J. M. Wootten, “Report of the Panel on Benefits of Sequestration R&D”, in Prospective Evaluation of Applied Energy Research and Development at DOE (Phase One): A First Look Forward, National Research Council, The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 2005.
    75. J. Huang, L. El-Azzami, and W. S. W. Ho, “Modeling of CO2-Selective Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor for Fuel Cell”, J. Membr. Sci., 261 (1-2), 67-75 (2005).
    76. J. Zou, J. Huang, and W. S. W. Ho, “A Modeling and Experimental Study of Novel CO2-Selective Membrane Reactor with Water Gas Shift Reaction for Fuel Cells”, Proceedings of 2005 International Membrane Conference, Chung-Li, Taiwan, August 18-19, 2005, Keynote Lecture, Paper No. PL-III.
    77. J. Huang, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor for Fuel Cells: A Modeling and Experimental Study”, Proceedings of 2005 International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Seoul, Korea, August 21-26, 2005, Keynote Lecture, Paper No. Mo02D-1.
    78. J. Huang, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “A Modeling and Experimental Study of CO2-Selective Water-Gas-Shift Membrane Reactor for Fuel Cells”, Proceedings of Topical Conference on Fuel Cells Technology at AIChE Annual Meeting, Cincinnati, OH, October 30 – November 4, 2005, Paper 501b.
    79. Y.-H. Tee, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Membranes Containing Dimethylglycine Mobile Carriers and Polyethylenimine Fixed Carrier”, J. Chin. Inst. Chem. Engrs., 37 (1), 37-47 (2006).
    80. J. Huang, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Membranes for Hydrogen Purification”, Proceedings of 2006 Conference on Membrane Science and Technology, Chung-Li, Taiwan, June 8-9, 2006, Keynote Lecture, Paper No. KL.
    81. W. S. W. Ho, “Removal and Recovery of Metals by Supported Liquid Membranes with Strip Dispersion”, Proceedings of 2006 Workshop on Membrane Science and Technology, Chung-Li, Taiwan, June 8, 2006, Invited Lecture, Paper No. 5.
    82. X. Ye, H. Bai, and W. S. W. Ho, “Synthesis and Characterization of New Sulfonated Polyimides as Proton-Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells”, J. Membr. Sci., 279 (1+2), 570-577 (2006).
    83. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of High-Flux Water Desalination Membrane”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-05-1-00800 (2006).
    84. J. Zou, J. Huang, and W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Membranes with Water Gas Shift Reaction for H2 Purification”, Proceedings of International Workshop on Process Intensification in Fluid and Particle Engineering, Kobe, Japan, October 15-18, 2006, Invited Keynote Lecture, Paper No. K201, pp.12-13.
    85. G. Shil and W. S. W. Ho, “Synthesis and Characterization of Interfacially Polymerized Membranes for CO2 Separation”, J. Environ. Eng. Mgmt., 16 (4), 233-241 (2006).
    86. J. Zou and W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Polymeric Membranes Containing Amines in Crosslinked Poly(vinyl alcohol)”, J. Membr. Sci., 286, 310-321 (2006).
    87. J. Zou, J. Huang, and W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Water Gas Shift Membrane Reactor for Fuel Cell Hydrogen Processing”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 46 (8), 2272-2279 (2007).
    88. L. B. Lave, C. Christopher, G. M. Hidy, W. S. W. Ho, D. Keith, L. W. Lake, M. E. Q. Pilson, J. J. Siirola, J. E. Smith, R. H. Socolow, and J. M. Wootten, “Report of the Panel on DOE’s Carbon Sequestration Program”, in Prospective Evaluation of Applied Energy Research and Development at DOE (Phase Two), National Research Council, The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 2007.
    89. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of High-Flux Water Desalination Membrane”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-05-1-00800 (2007).
    90. H. Bai and W. S. W. Ho, “New Membranes for Fuel Cells”, Proceedings of Fourth Conference of Aseanian Membrane Society, Taipei, Taiwan, August 16-18, 2007, Plenary Lecture, Paper No. PL-I.
    91. B. Mandal and W. S. W. Ho, “Synthesis Gas Purification by Polymeric Membranes Containing Fixed and Mobile Carriers”, Int. J. Chem. Sci., 5 (4), 1938-1946 (2007).
    92. J. Zou and W. S. W. Ho, “Hydrogen Purification for Fuel Cells by Carbon Dioxide Removal Membrane Followed by Water Gas Shift Reaction”, J. Chem. Eng. Japan, 40 (11), 1011-1020 (2007).
    93. J. Huang, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “Carbon Dioxide Capture Using a CO2-Selective Facilitated Transport Membrane”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 47 (4), 1261-1267 (2008).
    94. H. Bai and W. S. W. Ho, “Carbon Dioxide-Selective Membrane for Hydrogen Purification and Carbon Dioxide Capture”, Proceedings of the TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) Annual Meeting, Supplemental Volume 1: Materials Processing and Properties, New Orleans, LA, March 9-13, 2008, Invited Plenary Lecture, 1, 529-535 (2008).
    95. H. Bai and W. S. W. Ho, “New Poly(ethylene oxide) Soft Segment-Containing Sulfonated Polyimide Copolymers for High Temperature Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells”, J. Membr. Sci., 313 (1-2), 75-85 (2008).
    96. J. Huang and W. S. W. Ho, “Effects of System Parameters on the Performance of CO2-Selective WGS Membrane Reactor for Fuel Cells”, J. Chin. Inst. Chem. Engrs., 39 (2), 129-136 (2008).
    97. H. Bai and W. S. W. Ho, “New Polymer Membranes for Hydrogen Purification and Proton Transport for Fuel Cells”, Proceedings of Macro 2008, Polymers at Frontiers of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, June 29-July 4, 2008, Invited Keynote Lecture.
    98. C. Yen, H. He, L. J. Lee, and W. S. W. Ho, “Synthesis and Characterization of Nanoporous Polycaprolactone Membranes for Controlled Drug Release”, Proceedings of 2008 International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Honolulu, Hawaii, July 12-18, 2008, Paper No. Asymmetric Polymeric Membrane Formation – 2.
    99. M. E. Vilt and W. S. W. Ho, “Supported Liquid Membranes with Strip Dispersion for the Recovery of Cephalexin”, Proceedings of 2008 International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Honolulu, Hawaii, July 12-18, 2008, Paper No. Biomedical and Biotechnology II – 6.
    100. W. S. W. Ho, “Development of High-Flux Water Desalination Membrane”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-05-1-00800 (2008).
    101. W. S. W. Ho, “CO Conversion and Clean-up via CO2-Selective Membrane with Water-Gas-Shift Reaction”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-08-1-0343 (2008).
    102. W. S. W. Ho, “Advanced Membranes for Reformate Hydrogen Sulfide Clean-up”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-08-1-0547 (2008).
    103. X. Zhang, H. He, C. Yen, W. S. W. Ho, and L. J. Lee, “A Biodegradable, Immunoprotective, Dual Nanoporous Capsule for Cell-based Therapies”, Biomater., 29 (31), 4253-4259 (2008).
    104. J. Zou, J. Huang, and W. S. W. Ho, “Facilitated Transport Membranes for Environmental, Energy and Biochemical Applications”, in Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications, N. N. Li, A. G. Fane, W. S. W. Ho, and T. Matsuura, eds., John Wiley & Sons, New York, Chap. 28, pp. 721-754 (2008).
    105. R. Xing and W. S. W. Ho, “Synthesis and Characterization of Cross-linked Polyvinylalcohol/Polyethyleneglycol Blend Membranes for CO2/CH4 Separation”, Conference Proceedings of AIChE Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, Nov. 16-21, 2008, pp. 341/1-341/5 (2008).
    106. H. Bai and W. S. W. Ho, “Synthesis and Characterization of New Sulfonated Polyimide Copolymers and Blends as Proton-Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells”, J. Environ. Eng. Mgmt., 18 (5), 289-300 (2008).
    107. H. Bai and W. S. W. Ho, “New Carbon Dioxide-Selective Membranes Based on Sulfonated Polybenzimidazole (SPBI) Copolymer Matrix for Fuel Cell Applications”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., ACS ASAP 10.1021/ie800507r (2008); 48 (5), 2344-2354 (2009).
    108. L. Zhang, I.-S. Park, K. Shqau, W. S. W. Ho, and H. Verweij, “Supported Inorganic Membranes: Promises and Challenges”, J. Minerals Metals Mater. Soc., 61 (4), 61-71 (2009).
    109. H. Bai and W. S. W. Ho, “New Sulfonated Polybenzimidazole (SPBI) Copolymer-based Proton-Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells”, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Engrs., doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2008.12.014 (2009); 40 (3), 260-267 (2009).
    110. M. E. Vilt and W. S. W. Ho, “Supported Liquid Membranes with Strip Dispersion for the Recovery of Cephalexin”, J. Membr. Sci., doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2009.06.026; 342 (1-2), 80-87 (2009).
    111. Y. Zhao, K. Ramasubramanian, L. Zhao, H. Bai, and W. S. W. Ho, “CO Conversion and Clean-up via CO2-Selective Membrane with Water-Gas-Shift Reaction”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-08-1-0343 (2009).
    112. K. Ramasubramanian, Y. Zhao, L. Zhao, H. Bai, and W. S. W. Ho, “Advanced Membranes for Reformate Hydrogen Sulfide Clean-up”, Office of Naval Research Project Report, Project No. N00014-08-1-0547 (2009).
    113. H. Bai, K. Ramasubramanian, and W. S. W. Ho, “H2S- and CO2-Selective Membranes for Fuel Processing for Fuel Cells”, Preprints of Symposia – American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry, 54 (2), 820-822 (2009).
    114. C. Yen, H. He, L. J. Lee, W. S. W. Ho, “Synthesis and Characterization of Nanoporous Polycaprolactone Membranes via Thermally- and Nonsolvent-Induced Phase Separations for Biomedical Device Application”, J. Membr. Sci., doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2009.07.024; 343 (1-2), 180-188 (2009).
    115. W. S. W. Ho, “Facilitated Transport Membranes for Environmental, Antibiotic and Energy Applications”, Chinese-American Chemical Society Communications, 3 (2), 13-18 (2009).
    116. R. Xing and W. S. W. Ho, “Synthesis and Characterization of Crosslinked Polyvinylalcohol/Polyethyleneglycol Blend Membranes for CO2/CH4 Separation”, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Engrs., doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2009.05.004; 40 (6), 654-662 (2009).
    117. J. Huang, J. Zou, and W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Membranes for Hydrogen Fuel Processing”, in Hydrogen and Syngas Production and Purification Technologies, K. Liu, C. Song, and V. Subramani, eds., John Wiley & Sons, New York, Chap. 9, pp. 385-413 (2010).
    118. M. E. Vilt, W. S. W. Ho, and N. N. Li, “Liquid Membranes”, in Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, Enrico Drioli, ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam, in press (2010).
    119. B. Mandal and W. S. W. Ho, “Carbon Dioxide-Selective Membranes”, in Applications of Membrane Separations Technology – Recent Advances, K. Mohanty and M. K. Purkait, eds., Taylor & France Group, LLC, Boca Raton, FL, invited/submitted (2010).
    120. M. E. Vilt and W. S. W. Ho, “Supported Liquid Membranes”, in Applications of Membrane Separations Technology – Recent Advances, K. Mohanty and M. K. Purkait, eds., Taylor & France Group, LLC, Boca Raton, FL, invited/submitted (2010). 
    Patents
    1. L. T. C. Lee, W. S. W. Ho, and K. J. Liu, “Novel High Diffusivity Membranes”, U. S. Patent 3,951,789 (1976).
    2. L. T. C. Lee, W. S. W. Ho, and K. J. Liu, “Membrane Solvent Extraction”, U. S. Patent 3,956,112 (1976).
    3. W. S. W. Ho, L. T. C. Lee, and K. J. Liu, “Membrane Hydrometallurgical Extraction Process”, U. S. Patent 3,957,504 (1976).
    4. G. Doyle, R. L. Pruett, D. W. Savage, and W. S. W. Ho, “Separation of Olefin Mixtures by Cu (I) Complexation”, U. S. Patent 4,471,152 (1984).
    5. E. L. Stogryn, W. S. W. Ho, A. A. Montagna, and G. Sartori, “Process for Preparing Secondary Aminoether Alcohols”, U. S. Patent 4,487,967 (1984).
    6. W. S. W. Ho and J. Bock, “Oxidation-Flocculation Solids Removal from Wet Process Phosphoric Acid”, Canadian Patent 1,185,766 (1985).
    7. F. J. Heinzelmann, N. S. Rothblatt, J. P. Glass, G. R. Say, G. R. Chludzinski, G. Sartori, and W. S. W. Ho, “Absorbent Composition Containing a Severely Hindered Amino Compound and an Amine Salt and Process for the Absorption of H2S Using the Same”, U. S. Patent 4,618,481 (1986).
    8. E. L. Stogryn, W. S. W. Ho, and A. A. Montagna, “Process for Preparing Di-Amino- Polyalkenyl Ethers”, U. S. Patent 4,665,195 (1987).
    9. L. J. Shulik, G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, W. A. Thaler, and G. E. Milliman, “Primary Hindered Aminoacid Compositions for Promoted Acid Gas Scrubbing Process”, U. S. Patent 4,759,866 (1988).
    10. W. S. W. Ho and G. Sartori, “Addition of Severely-Hindered Amine Salts and/or Aminoacids to Non-Hindered Amine Solutions for the Absorption of H2S”, U. S. Patent 4,892,674 (1990).
    11. W. S. W. Ho, E. L. Stogryn, and G. Sartori, “Absorbent Composition Containing a Severely-Hindered Amine Mixture for the Absorption of H2S”, U. S. Patent 4,894,178 (1990).
    12. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, and E. L. Stogryn, “Absorbent Composition Containing a Tertiary Amino Azabicyclic Alcohol and an Amine Salt and/or a Severely-Hindered Aminoacid and Process for the Absorption of H2S Using the Same”, U. S. Patent 4,894,179 (1990).
    13. G. Sartori and W. S. W. Ho, “Addition of Severely-Hindered Aminoacids to Severely- Hindered Amines for the Absorption of H2S”, U. S. Patent 4,895,670 (1990).
    14. L. J. Shulik, G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, W. A. Thaler, and G. E. Milliman, “Primary Hindered Aminoacids for Promoted Acid Gas Scrubbing Process”, U. S. Patent 4,919,904 (1990).
    15. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, and D. C. Dalrymple, “Polyimide/Aliphatic Polyester Copolymers”, U. S. Patent 4,944,880 (1990).
    16. W. A. Thaler, W. S. W. Ho, and G. Sartori, “Crosslinked Copolymers of Aliphatic Polyester Diols and Dianhydrides”, U. S. Patent 4,946,594 (1990).
    17. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, and E. L. Stogryn, “Absorbent Composition Containing a Severely-Hindered Amine Mixture with Amine Salts and/or Aminoacid Additives for the Absorption of H2S”, U. S. Patent 4,961,873 (1990).
    18. G. Sartori and W. S. W. Ho, “Polyester Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 4,976,868 (1990).
    19. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, and D. C. Dalrymple, “Polyimide/Aliphatic Polyester Copolymers”, U. S. Patent 4,990,275 (1991).
    20. W. A. Thaler, W. S. W. Ho, and G. Sartori, “Crosslinked Copolymers of Aliphatic Polyester Diols and Dianhydrides”, U. S. Patent 4,997,906 (1991).
    21. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, and R. E. Noone, “Polyphthalatecarbonate Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,012,035 (1991).
    22. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, and R. E. Noone, “Polyarylate Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,012,036 (1991).
    23. W. S. W. Ho, “Polymeric Membrane and Process for Separating Aliphatically Unsaturated Hydrocarbons”, U. S. Patent 5,015,268 (1991).
    24. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, D. W. Savage, R. E. Noone, and R. P. Mastondrea, “Non-porous Polycarbonate Membranes for Separation of Aromatics from Saturates”, U. S. Patent 5,019,666 (1991).
    25. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, B. H. Ballinger, D. C. Dalrymple, and R. P. Mastondrea, “Halogenated Polyurethanes”, U. S. Patent 5,028,685 (1991).
    26. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, R. E. Noone, and A. D. Cohen, “Sulfonated Polysulfone Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,055,631 (1991).
    27. W. S. W. Ho, “Polymeric Membrane and Process for Separation of Aliphatically Unsaturated Hydrocarbons”, U. S. Patent 5,062,866 (1991).
    28. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, B. H. Ballinger, D. C. Dalrymple, and R. P. Mastondrea, “Halogenated Polyurethanes”, U. S. Patent 5,093,003 (1992).
    29. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, and B. H. Ballinger, “Saturated Polyesters and Crosslinked Membranes therefrom for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,128,439 (1992).
    30. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, and R. E. Noone, “Unsaturated Polyesters and Crosslinked Membranes therefrom for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,138,023 (1992).
    31. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, and R. E. Noone, “Polysulfone Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,159,130 (1992).
    32. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, and B. H. Ballinger, “Saturated Polyesters and Crosslinked Membranes therefrom for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,177,296 (1993).
    33. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, and R. E. Noone, “Unsaturated Polyesters and Crosslinked Membranes therefrom for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,180,496 (1993).
    34. C. P. Darnell, R. J. Koveal, T. J. Chen, and W. S. W. Ho, “Recovery of Alcohols from n-Paraffins by Pervaporation”, U. S. Patent 5,230,801 (1993).
    35. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, and S. J. Han, “Polyimide/Aliphatic Polyester Copolymers without Pendent Carboxylic Acid Groups”, U. S. Patent 5,241,039 (1993).
    36. J. L. Feimer, C. P. Darnell, and W. S. W. Ho, “Separation of Alcohol from Alcohol / Ether / Olefin / Non-linear Hydrocarbon Mixtures Using Polyester or Polyester Copolymer Membranes”, U. S. Patent 5,294,344 (1994).
    37. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, R. E. Noone, and B. H. Ballinger, “Fluorinated Polyolefin Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, U. S. Patent 5,396,019 (1995).
    38. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, and D. C. Dalrymple, “Diepoxide Crosslinked / Esterified Polyimide-Aliphatic Polyester Copolymers”, U. S. Patent 5,550,199 (1996).
    39. W. A. Thaler, G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, L. J. Shulik, and G. E. Milliman, “Primary Hindered Aminoacids for Promoted Acid Gas Scrubbing Process”, U. S. Patent 5,602,279 (1997).
    40. W. S. W. Ho, “Membranes Comprising Salts of Aminoacids in Hydrophilic Polymers”, U. S. Patent 5,611,843 (1997).
    41. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, and D. C. Dalrymple, “Separating Aromatics from Non-Aromatics by Polyimide-Polyester Membrane”, U. S. Patent 5,670,052 (1997).
    42. W. S. W. Ho, G. Sartori, W. A. Thaler, and D. C. Dalrymple, “Polyimide Copolymers Containing Polycarbonate Soft Segments”, U. S. Patent 5,756,643 (1998).
    43. W. S. W. Ho, “Membranes Comprising Aminoacid Salts in Polyamine Polymers and Blends”, U. S. Patent 6,099,621 (2000).
    44. W. S. W. Ho, “Supported Liquid Membrane Process for Chromium Removal and Recovery”, U. S. Patent 6,171,563 (2001).
    45. D. W. Savage, W. S. W. Ho, and P. Calcavecchio, and E. N. Drake, “Biowall for Groundwater Remediation”, U. S. Patent 6,224,770 (2001).
    46. W. S. W. Ho and B. Wang, “Combined Supported Liquid Membrane / Strip Dispersion Process for the Removal and Recovery of Metals: Dialkyl Monothiophosphoric Acids and Their Use as Extractants”, U. S. Patent 6,291,705 (2001).
    47. H.-C. Wang, C. S. Chee, and W. S. W. Ho, “Phase Transfer Process with Catalyst Recovery”, U. S. Patent 6,300,431 (2001).
    48. W. S. W. Ho, “Combined Supported Liquid Membrane / Strip Dispersion Process for the Removal and Recovery of Radionuclides and Metals”, U. S. Patent 6,328,782 (2001).
    49. W. S. W. Ho, “Combined Supported Liquid Membrane / Strip Dispersion Process for the Removal and Recovery of Metals”, U. S. Patent 6,350,419 (2002).
    50. W. S. W. Ho, “Combined Supported Liquid Membrane / Strip Dispersion Process for the Removal and Recovery of Penicillin and Organic Acids”, U. S. Patent 6,433,163 (2002).
    51. W. S. W. Ho, “Combined Supported Liquid Membrane / Strip Dispersion Process for the Removal and Recovery of Radionuclides”, U. S. Patent 6,696,589 (2004).
    52. W. S. W. Ho, “CO2-Selective Membranes Containing Amino Groups”, U. S. Patent 7,011,694 (March 14, 2006).
    53. S. Randhava, W. S. W. Ho, R. L. Kao, and E. H. Camara, “Dynamic Sulfur Tolerant Process and System with Inline Acid Gas-Selective Removal for Generating Hydrogen for Fuel Cells”, U. S. Patent Application Serial Number 10/236,324, allowed (July, 2004), U. S. Pat. Appl. Publ. 2004047799 (2004).
    54. W. S. W. Ho, “Membranes, Methods of Making Membranes, and Methods of Separating Gases Using Membranes”, PCT Appl. US 2005/40420 (2005); PCT Int. Public. No. WO 2006/050531 (May 11, 2006).
    55. W. S. W. Ho, “Water Permeable Membranes and Methods of Making Water Permeable Membranes”, PCT Appl. US 2007/060641 (January 17, 2007).
    56. W. S. W. Ho, “Water Permeable Membranes and Methods of Making Water Permeable Membranes”, PCT Appl. US 2007/060641 (January 17, 2007); PCT Int. Public. No. WO 2007/084921 (July 26, 2007).
    57. W. S. W. Ho, “Membranes, Methods of Making Membranes, and Methods of Separating Gases Using Membranes”, U. S. Patent Application No. 11/666,700 (filed August 21, 2007); U. S. Patent Application Public. No. US-2008-0168900 (July 17, 2008).
    58. W. S. W. Ho, “Water Permeable Membranes and Methods of Making Water Permeable Membranes”, U. S. Non-provisional Patent Application 12/174,951 (filed July 17, 2008); U. S. Patent Application Public. No. US-2008-0296225 (December 4, 2008).
    59. W. S. W. Ho, “Membranes, Methods of Making Membranes, and Methods of Separating Gases Using Membranes”, U. S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 60/625,517 (2004).
    60. W. S. W. Ho, “High Flux Reverse Osmosis Membrane”, U. S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 06/759,599 (January 17, 2006).
    61. L. T. C. Lee, W. S. W. Ho, and K. J. Liu, “Membrane Solvent Extraction Process”, Ger. Offen. DE 2364679 (1974).
    62. L. T. C. Lee, W. S. W. Ho, and K. J. Liu, “Polymeric Membranes”, Ger. Offen. DE 2448081 (1975).
    63. W. S. W. Ho, L. T. C. Lee, and K. J. Liu, “Recovering Metal Compounds from Solutions”, Ger. Offen. DE 2550006 (1976).
    64. W. S. W. Ho and J. Bock, “Removal of Solid from Wet Process Phosphoric Acid”, Eur. Pat. Appl. EP 79190 (1983).
    65. W. S. W. Ho, A. A. Montagna, and E. L. Stogryn, “Tertiary Polyalkylene Aminoether Alcohols”, Eur. Pat. Appl. EP 147188 (1985).
    66. E. L. Stogryn, W. S. W. Ho, and A. A. Montagna, “Diamino Polyalkylene Ethers”, Eur. Pat. Appl. EP 148005 (1985).
    67. L. S. Shulik, G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, W. A. Thaler, and G. E. Milliman, “Acid Gas Scrubbing Composition and Process”, Eur. Pat. Appl. EP 245961 (1987).
    68. W. S. W. Ho, G. E. Milliman, G. Sartori, L. S. Shulik, and W. A. Thaler, “Primary Hindered Amino Acids for Promoted Acid Gas Scrubbing Process”, Eur. Pat. Appl. EP 376636 (1990).
    69. G. Sartori, W. S. W. Ho, R. E. Noone, and B. H. Ballinger, “Fluorinated Polyolefin Membranes for Aromatics/Saturates Separation”, Eur. Pat. Appl. EP 583957 (1994).
    70. W. S. W. Ho, “Membranes from Compositions of Salts of Amino Acids in Hydrophilic Polymers and Separation Processes Using the Membranes”, PCT Int. Appl. WO 97/03118 (1997).
    71. R. B. Hall, S. N. Vaughn, W. S. W. Ho, and H. N. Sun, “Apparatus and Selective- Membrane Method for Separating Olefins from an Olefin-Rich Product Stream”, PCT Int. Appl. WO 98/29367 (1998).
    72. W. S. W. Ho, “Membranes Comprising Aminoalcohols in Hydrophilic Polymers”, PCT Int. Appl. WO 98/41308 (1998).
    73. W. S. W. Ho, “Membranes Comprising Amino Acid Salts in Polyamine Polymers and Blends Useful for Carbon Dioxide Separation”, PCT Int. Appl. WO 98/41313 (1998).
    74. W. S. W. Ho, “Carbon Dioxide-Selective Membrane Process and System for Reforming Fuel to Hydrogen for Fuel Cell”, PCT Int. Appl. WO 99/06138 (1999).
    75. W. S. W. Ho, “Combined Supported Liquid Membrane / Strip Dispersion Process Using Microporous Support with Interfacial Polymerized Layer”, U. S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 60/180,408 (2000).
    76. W. S. W. Ho, “Combined Supported Liquid Membrane / Strip Dispersion Processes and Extractants”, PCT Int. Appl. PCT/US01/40028 (2001). 77. W. S. W. Ho, “Combined Supported Liquid Membrane / Strip Dispersion Processes and Extractants for Wastewater Treatment”, PCT Int. A